How to Choose the Right Laser Marker for Engraving

Wondering what a laser engraver is or curious how a laser engraver works? Or maybe you want to know what types of laser engraving machines lead to a more efficient, permanent, and user-friendly engraving process.

Look no further. In the following, we’ll discuss what laser engraving is and the types of laser marking machines available for different applications.

Definition of Laser Engraving

Laser engraving uses a laser marker to remove material by vaporization to create deep or shallow marks. The material removed can be for a design, logo, or character. Used across various industries, options for engraving include hand engraving, roll markers, and press markers.

There are a couple of reasons why you may choose to engrave a material. One common reason is for traceability purposes, especially in manufacturing. For this, you may engrave a serial number or 2D code onto a jig or product part.

Another choice is engraving a design or character onto a product for identification. This could also be a serial number or a logo. Lastly, laser engraving may be a tool for removing resin to analyse the inside of a product.

How the Laser Engraving Technology Works

Laser engraving technology works by using a combination of design software and a laser beam. First, the design is created and then uploaded to the design software program. Once the item is placed on the assembly line tray, the laser marker autofocuses to target the material precisely. Then, the laser marker passes over the area and engraves the surface.

*These are representative values. They will vary depending on the material and marking conditions

Types of Materials That Can Be Engraved


Many subcategories of metal can be engraved with a fibre laser or a hybrid laser. The fibre or hybrid laser uses a high output to deeply engrave into the metal for characters, designs, and barcodes. Using a laser marker to engrave metal is the best choice since it is permanent, powerful, and does not ruin the material.


Wood or cardboard can be engraved with white or dark marks by CO2 laser. The CO2 laser uses high-powered heat to burn designs, logos, barcodes, and characters into wood or cardboard. Using CO2 engraving on wood or cardboard creates a permanent, high-contrast mark that beats stamping.


Plastic is an oftentimes sensitive material that is susceptible to deformation when heated. For this reason a UV laser is the perfect option. It performs what is referred to as “cold marking” in which a fully permanent, high contrast mark can be created without the application of any heat. For less demanding plastic marking apps, a hybrid or CO2 laser can often be a great option as well.


Glass can be engraved with white or transparent marks by CO2 or UV laser. Since glass is fragile yet heat resistant, laser engraving glass is a reliable and efficient choice for damage-free marking. The CO2 and UV laser use low or slow power to create cracks that don’t ruin the rest of the product.


Whether it’s synthetic or natural rubber, laser engraving can make a permanent and high-contrast mark without ruining the material.

Natural rubber is sensitive to heat and is commonly used for hoses. Using a hybrid laser to engrave natural rubber is optimal because it doesn’t compromise the material but also creates a permanent mark. On the other hand, synthetic rubber is not sensitive to heat and is used for products like wiper blades because of its durability. CO2 lasers adequately engrave permanent marks because of the high absorption rate from the CO2.

Popular Applications of Laser Engraving

There is a long list of applications that laser engraving is optimal for, including:

  • Implants
  • Deep engraving on metal
  • Nameplates
  • Bearings
  • Automotive parts
  • 2D code marking

Laser Engraving Machines

At KEYENCE, we offer hybrid, fibre, CO2, and UV laser marking machines for any project.

3-Axis CO2 ML-Z Series

The 3-Axis CO2 ML-Z Series is a CO2 laser that engraves by burning and high absorption. Using a CO2 laser is great for shallow engraving into sensitive or heat-resistant materials like glass, wood, cardboard, paper, and synthetic rubber.

  • High power
  • High speed
  • Stable output
  • Long shelf life


Partial cutting of labels

Film processing

3-Axis Hybrid Laser MD-X Series

The 3-Axis Hybrid Laser MD-X Series uses the best aspects of a YVO4 and fibre laser to engrave materials. The YVO4 adds high quality and depth of focus, while the fibre laser has long service life and a high output. This laser can engrave metal, resin, and natural rubber.

  • Versatile
  • High peak power
  • Single-mode beam
  • Long expected life

Moulded packages (BGA)

Edged tools (black-annealed marking)

Switches for automotive instrument panels

Advantages of Laser Engraving


Laser engraving is more efficient than its manual engraving counterparts. With a laser marker, tens of characters per assembly line tray can be marked in an instant.

KEYENCE’s laser markers are equipped with 3-axis control and autofocus. These laser markers analyse the product's placement and change the focal point accordingly. Because of this, there is no need for product repositioning.

Laser engraving is also more efficient than using a handheld device. The automation eliminates human error, breaks, and tedious handheld marking.

Damage Free

Laser engravers use heat or high absorption to mark on materials instead of added force. The pointed beam concentrates the energy to only mark in the respected area and not expand to the rest of the material.

High Quality

Unlike stamping or handheld drill devices, laser engraving can get deep into materials. The deep cuts from laser engraving leave behind high-quality marks that are clean, last forever, and don’t fade over time.


Laser engraving is a more efficient, damage-free, and high-quality alternative to engraving counterparts. There are many laser engraving markers to choose from to get the best result with your material and production goals.

Have a laser engraving project in mind and need assistance? Our trained team is here to help. At KEYENCE, we have knowledgeable staff that will help you throughout your selection process, on-site operating instructions assistance, as well as industry-leading after-sales support.